Fossiling in Whitby

One of the highlights during our holidays in Lyme Regis was participating in the Fossil hunt organised by the local museum. Like Lyme, Whitby is flanked by cliffs of shale, clay and mudstones which are full of fossils from the Jurassic period. As the cliffs crumble and large sections of them fall down onto the beach as landslips, fossils of creatures that died when Britain was part of a massive land mass and located nearer to the equator many millions of years ago start to be revealed and can be picked up on the beach – providing you know where to look and what to look for. So during our recent holiday we decided to sign up for a fossil walk run by Byron Blessed, a local palaeontologist who is also the owner of the Natural Wonders fossil shop in Grape Lane.

IMG_1708

Although most of the participants were families with children, adults can still enjoy the trip and we were looking finding some specimens!

Byron doesn’t run his fossil hunts every day, but times them to give the maximum time on the beach between the tides. So you go out just after high tide so the water is receding, taking care to make sure the fossil hunters are safely off the beach before it comes back in. Fossil hunting can be dangerous and one of the main risks is being cut off on the beach by the tide.

We met outside Byron’s shop fairly early on Tuesday morning and set off up the 199 steps, past the Parish Church and the Abbey and along the cliffs until we reached the steps that took us down into Saltwick Bay, a small, sandy cove a mile east of Whitby.

IMG_1713

We stopped at the edge of the beach while Byron gave us a safety briefing and then talked to us about fossiling and what to look for, including the ubiquitous ammonites, belemnites, “devil’s toenails” (a type of mollusc), other bivalves, fossilised bone etc.

Having inspected the beach, Byron told us that he wasn’t optimistic as the sea hadn’t washed in many pebbles, where we would be likely to find what we were looking for. So he decided to take us further round the coast, passing a ship wreck on the way.

IMG_1714

We spent more than half an hour there, scrabbling around in the rocks and, as he promised, we started to pick up examples of ammonites and belemnites and other types of fossil. Our finds were mainly fragments, but we were surprised at how many we actually managed to pick up.

IMG_1716

Afterwards we walked back along the beach, and stopped in a couple of places where Byron showed us fossilised dinosaur footprints! We wouldn’t have noticed then as we passed but they were quite clear when he pointed them out, explaining how they would have been formed and what type of creatures made them.

IMG_1720

Unfortunately, although they were quite clear “in the flesh” they haven’t shown up on the photographs I took – there’s not enough contrast to see them on a flat image.

We carried on along the beach past another ship wreck and then stopped while Byron told us about Whitby Jet – a type f fossilised wood which is used to make jewellery and was very fashionable in Victorian times when the Queen herself favoured the jet black jewellery after the death of her husband. There are quite a few shops selling jewellery made from it today in Whitby. We spent a little time searching among the rotting sea weed but weren’t successful – although I think that other members of our party may have found something.

Then we walked along the beach back to Whitby and up the slipway by the east pier.

IMG_1723

And this was the result of our labours

IMG_1754

Not too bad a haul!

Advertisements

Lyme Regis Fossil Walk

IMAG5219

The weather on the Wednesday of our holiday was awful – warm, bright, sunny and calm. Awful for fossil hunting anyway. The best time is after rain or heavy seas when they are washed out of the mud and clay. That’s what Paddy Howe and his colleagues leading the fossil walk booked via Lyme Regis Museum told us.

Lyme Regis  is flanked by cliffs of shale, clay and mudstones with some limestone which are full of fossils from the Jurassic period. As the cliffs crumble and large sections of them fall down onto the beach as landslips, fossils of creatures that died when Britain was part of a massive land mass and located nearer to the equator many millions of years ago start to be revealed. There have been some important finds on these beaches in the past. Including the first complete Ichthyosaur, a complete skeleton of the long-necked Plesiosaurus and a Pterodactylus  found by Mary Anning (1799–1847)

IMAG5218

So, a guided fossil walk is a must during a stay in Lyme. They’re great fun  and educational too and suitable for adults and children – who doesn’t enjoy poking around on the beach? There are several providers including the Museum, and they’re very popular. We’d originally wanted to go on one on the Monday, but when we went to the Museum on Sunday morning we found the earliest one with enough places available for 4 of us was Wednesday.

They go out rain or shine the start time depending on the tide. Ours started at the civilised hour of 10:30 a.m., meeting in front of the museum. Paddy Howe, the Museum’s geologist and something of a minor celebrity (I’ve seen him on TV a few times and he helped out Tracey Chevalier when she was researching her book Remarkable Creatures) gave a short introductory talk and we set off towards the beach. We stopped at the end of the new east sea wall and Paddy ran through the reasons for the fossils being abundant in Lyme and showed us examples of different types of fossils we might find so we knew what to look for. These included the ubiquitous ammonites, belemnites, “devil’s toenails” (a type of mollusc), other bivalves, sea urchins, fossilised fish, crinoids and coprolites (fossilised faeces!). If we were lucky we might find bones from ichthyosaurs and other prehistoric  creatures! We were promised that despite the poor fossiling conditions we would find something.

DSC09149

This is Paddy (he’s acquired a beard since our previous visit)

IMAG5224

and here’s Paul. one of the other guides

IMAG5226

The guides were all helpful – examining possible specimens and cracking open stones that looked like they may contain fossils. At the end of the tour Paddy cracked open a number of limestone nodules, distributing to children the fossils they contained.

IMAG5222

As promised, we didn’t go away empty handed. This was our fossil haul.

IMAG5270

Nothing spectacular, but a few small ammonites embedded in limestone, some mudstone with impressions of ammonites, some pieces of belemnite and a shard of a fossilised oyster shell.

Fossil Hunting in Lyme Regis

P1050222

One of the highlights of our recent holiday in Lyme Regis was fossil hunting on the beach. We booked on one of the guided fossil walks organised by the local museum and later went out on our own to look at the ammonite pavement on Monmouth beach. Fossil walks are run by a number of private individuals as well as the museum. I’m sure they’re all very good, but we opted for the Museum’s. It was a little more expensive, but included Museum entry for 12 months (we popped 3 times during our stay).

Previous participants in the walks include Tracy Chevalier, who wrote a novel based on the life of Mary Anning (Remarkable Creatures) who went out while researching her book.

Lyme Regis  is flanked by cliffs of shale, clay and mudstones with some limestone which are full of fossils from the Jurassic period. As the cliffs crumble and large sections of them fall down onto the beach as landslips, fossils of creatures that died when Britain was part of a massive land mass and located nearer to the equator many millions of years ago start to be revealed. There have been some important finds on these beaches in the past. Including the first complete Ichthyosaur, a complete skeleton of the long-necked Plesiosaurus and a Pterodactylus  found by Mary Anning (1799–1847) an ordinary working class woman who lived in the town all her life. The most common finds are ammonites and belemnites (bullet shaped remnants of a squid like creature) and coprolites (fossilised faeces) but it is also possible to find “devil’s toenails” (a type of mollusc), other fossilised shells and bones from ichthyosaurs, fish and other creatures. There is an interesting display of local finds in the Lyme Regis Museum, some of them found by our guides on the fossil walk.

2012-07-15 14.52.34

2012-07-15 14.56.01

The walks are timed to start a couple of hours before low tide and on the day we went this meant an early start at 9:15 a.m. The group gathered outside the museum and were met by our guides, Paddy and Chris who led us out onto the beach.

This is Paddy

2012-07-17 09.41.27

and this is Chris

P1050221

They are both enthusiastic and very passionate about what they do. Once we got on the beach they gave us a briefing on the types of fossils we might find, handing round examples for us to look at and touch, and where and how to locate them. We then set out walking towards Charmouth, searching the beach as we went. Paddy and Chris were on hand to give advice and to comment on finds, helping to identify what they were.

Fossil hunting is very popular around Lyme Regis, and there were plenty of other people on the beach looking for them too. The best time for finding fossils is during the winter after rain or heavy seas when they are washed out of the mud and clay. Despite this, we managed to find quite a few  between us, including these

2012-07-17 21.55.19

During the walk, Paddy and Chris picked up a number of limestone nodules that could potentially contain whole ammonite fossils. Paddy demonstrated how to split them open and then worked his way through them. Approximately 1 in 7 nodule contains a good specimen and he found enough so that just about every one of our party could take away an example.

A couple of days later we went out onto Monmouth beach, to the west of the town. You have to watch out for the tide, which comes right in to the cliffs, but we went out at low tide. It’s hard walking across the pebbles over to the far side of the beach but it was worth it to reach the limestone pavement where hundreds of ammonites can be seen embedded into the rock

P1050285

P1050286

On the way there we saw a number of large ammonites embedded into rocks on the beach (foolishly I didn’t include anything into the following pictures to provide scale, but they were a foot or so across).

2012-07-19 14.29.13

P1050277

I reckon that a fossil walk is a must for anyone visiting Lyme Regis.

ADDENDUM

Today there was a tragedy on the beach just a few miles down the coast from Lyme where a major landslip occurred and a young woman was buried beneath the rocks and rubble. It demonstrates just how dangerous it can be near to the cliffs which are fragile and subject to landslips, particularly after wet weather like we’ve seen the last few weeks. Anyone out fossilling on the beach on their own needs to take care and avoid getting too close to the cliffs as well as making sure they don’t get trapped by the incoming tide

LINKS

http://www.discoveringfossils.co.uk/lyme_regis_fossils.htm

http://www.lymeregismuseum.co.uk/discovery-and-learning/discovery/fossils

http://www.lymeregis.ukfossils.co.uk/