After visiting De Dageraad I spent some time exploring the south part of De Pijp looking at the many Amsterdam School buildings that were constructed during the early years of the 20th Century as part of Plan Zuid. Like De Dageraad, the majority were built on behalf of housing co-operatives to provide good standard accommodation for ordinary workers who had previously lived in slums in the Jordaan, the old Jewish Quarter and other older parts of the city.
Although the Amsterdam School movement is considered to be part of international Expressionist architecture, there are features reminiscent of both Art Nouveau and Art Deco in their buildings. As with most architectural movements, each building has it’s own features, but there are some common characteristics.
- The architects’ emphasis was on the outward appearance of a building and less on its functionality – “Form before function”
- the buildings are mainly constructed from bricks – often different shapes, textures and and colours of brick are used.
- The windows are often eye-catching shapes,
- There is great attention to detail and ornamentation, including sculptures, wrought iron decorations and stained-glass windows.
- The facades often have curves and bulges, concave and convex shapes
- The corner buildings or buildings at the end of a complex, often emphasized by a tower-like element.
- The entrances and staircases are often highlighted by a special shape or decorations in stone or wrought iron.
This building was a public bath house
The Amsterdam School architects also designed many bridges over the canals in Amsterdam
There are Amsterdam School buildings in other areas of Amsterdam. These are a few I spotted wandering round the city centre